Permanent redirects (301) and temporary redirects (302) are not long-term solutions to improving your site structure.
What you end up with is a crazy redirect loop that kills search crawlers on your sites. It is OK to use redirects but we suggest using temporary redirects in the short term.
But first, check to see if you have links to that page within your website. If you do, then change them.
Second check to see if that page is in Google’s index. If it’s not, then that’s good news. If it is, then you’ll want to push to remove that page from Google’s index. Make sure that your replacement page (if there is one) is being indexed too. A 302 temporary redirect is a good choice here.
But what about if you have people linking to your old page. Well, then there’s a good reason for a 302, and even a 301. It all depends if you can obtain a change of URL from the site that links to yours. Now if the link is of high value, contacting the owner of the site or content is a good shout. If you can’t reach them and the link value is high a permanent redirect might be your only option.